Trans fatty acids and their harmful effects
Palm oil has proven to be a stable oil even without hydrogenation. Margarines made from palm oil are not hydrogenated. On the other hand, margarines produced from polyunsaturated oils must be hydrogenated. Hydrogenation results in the conversion of liquid vegetable oils to solid fats to give saturated fatty acids and modified cis-fatty acids.
Carotino red palm oil does not contain trans fatty acids.
In recent years, science has begun to pay close attention to trans fats. Professor Scots Grundy (1990) commented that "convincing evidence shows that trans fatty acids definitely increase LDL-cholesterol levels, similar to animal saturated fatty acids that increase cholesterol levels." German researchers (Mensinsk and Katan, 1990) concluded that trans fats increase bad LDL-cholesterol and lower HDL-cholesterol ”.
It is estimated that, on average, a person absorbs six to eight grams of monounsaturated fatty acids per day. This dose produces 5-7 milligrams of cholesterol. Each milligram of cholesterol means a 1% increased risk of cardiovascular disease. So we can attribute 5-7 percent of all cardiovascular disease to trans fats.
In May 1994, Professor Walter C. Willett and Dr. Albert Ascherio, a member of the Department of Epidemiology and Nutrition at Harvard University, reviewed the growing scientific focus on trans fats and heart disease and concluded that:
"Although the percentage of cardiovascular deaths in the United States caused by trans fats is relatively low, even the smallest estimates suggest that more than 30,000 deaths are related to partially hydrogenated vegetable fats and oils.
Other studies also confirm that trans fats are worse than butter by increasing bad LDL-cholesterol, lowering good HDL-cholesterol, and increasing Lp (a), a very potent factor in ischemic heart disease (Mensink and Katan, 1990; Nestle et al., 1992; Zock and Katan, 1992; Mensink et al., 1992; Wood et al., 1993; Judd, et al., 1994; Aro et al., 1997).
There are findings that trans fats may be involved in human embryonic development. Studies by two Europeans showed a significant link between low birth weight and trans fatty acids in the blood. (Koletzko, 1992a; 1992b; Jendryczko et al., 1993). The intake of essential fatty acids in the human embryo can be inhibited by trans fats. Trans fats can affect the metabolism of fatty acids in the embryo, leading to poor development of embryonic organs and tissues.
A recent five-center Euramic study (Kohlmejer et al., 1997) suggested that trans fats are associated with the development of breast cancer. High levels of trans fats are associated with a 40% risk of breast cancer.
Palm oil has the advantages of polyunsaturated fatty acids without their negative properties and the benefits of saturated fatty acids without their negative properties